Can A Prostate Infection Be Sexually Transmitted?

The prostate consists of a small, apricot-sized gland that sits close to the bladder. The gland spans around the urethra, which is a tube that extends from the neck of the bladder toward the tip of your penis. 

The main function of the prostate is to assist in providing nourishment to semen. The gland produces a clear liquid, which is often referred to as prostate fluid

During ejaculation, semen moves from the testicles to the prostate, where it mixes with the prostate fluid. The resulting sperm is then pushed into the urethra and expelled at the tip of the penis. 

Problems with the prostate result in fertility difficulties and can also cause side effects and symptoms to develop. In some cases, this can be due to prostate infection. 

Different types of bacteria species can cause prostate infection, and sometimes this may be related to a sexually transmitted disease. 

If you have been asking ‘can a prostate infection be sexually transmitted,’ then the information we share in this post will be useful. 

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What Is A Prostate Infection?

A prostate infection is a condition where bacteria invade the prostate gland. The condition is also called prostatitis, and it is important not to confuse this with prostate cancer. A different bacterium causes prostatitis. 

Once the bacteria enter the prostate, they start to grow and cause infection. In most cases, a prostate infection is an acute condition that goes away with treatment. Some men do, however, experience recurrent infections in the prostate. 

In this case, it is referred to as chronic prostatitis. When a bacterium is behind the condition, then a doctor may refer to the infection as chronic bacterial prostatitis. 

To differentiate between conditions like prostatitis and prostate cancer, it is important to have a clear view of the symptoms that may develop. 

In cases of an infection that affects the prostate gland, the most common symptoms that men may experience include:

  • When you urinate, you may experience a burning sensation in the urethra and related regions. Some men also complain about pain during urination. 

  • Your urine may have a cloudy appearance. In some cases, there can also be blood in your urine. 

  • You may experience pain when you ejaculate. 

  • The testicles and penis may feel painful. Discomfort in the area is also very common. 

  • A consistent need to urinate is another potential sign, especially when you need to get up frequently to urinate at night. 

  • Sometimes, pain in the perineum, groin, lower back, or abdomen can develop as well. 

If you do have bacterial prostatitis, then look out for flu-like symptoms. This may be a sign of your immune system fighting back against the bacterial infection. In such a scenario, your lymph glands will also likely become swollen.

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Can Prostate Infection Be Sexually Transmitted?

Every day, over a million new cases of sexually transmitted infections are reported among the global population. The most common sexually transmitted infections reported include syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and chlamydia. 

Some of these STIs increase the risk of being infected with others. For example, if a person has syphilis, they are more likely to contract HIV in cases where they do not take proper precautionary measures during sexual activity. 

Due to the position of the prostate gland, many people have asked whether a prostate infection can be sexually transmitted. There are cases where an infection in the prostate is related to a sexually transmitted infection, but it is also important to note that this is not always the case. 

Additionally, it should also be noted that not every case of prostatitis is linked to a bacterial infection. In some cases, a patient develops chronic inflammation in the prostate. This can lead to the development of chronic prostatitis, even in the absence of bacteria. 

With this said, men should still be informed about the possibility of a sexually transmitted infection affecting their prostate gland. 

It is quite rare for a case of prostatitis to be related to a bacteria transmitted through sexual activity, yet it does happen in some scenarios. In these situations, it is usually the result of a man being infected with chlamydia following sexual activity.

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by bacteria. When the bacteria enters a man’s urethra during sex, it is possible for the microorganisms to attach to the prostate gland. In addition to the prostate gland, the bacteria can also cause an infection that spreads to other parts of the genital tract. 

Symptoms to look out for after sexual activity

If you experience symptoms of prostatitis following a recent sexual activity, especially when you did not use protection, it is important to look out for accompanying symptoms. 

To be more specific, look for symptoms linked to chlamydia, as this can give you a good indication of whether or not you should get tested. One of the major problems here is that many symptoms of chlamydia may also be caused by prostatitis not linked to an STI. 

It is, however, important to look for any penile discharge. This may be a sign of chlamydia, as it is commonly experienced by men infected with this bacterial infection. Sometimes, chlamydia also causes the testicles to swell up. Some men complain about pain in the testicles along with swelling. 

In addition to chlamydia, it is important not to overlook the possibility of gonorrhea as well. This is another relatively common sexually transmitted infection that is caused by a bacteria known as the Neisseria gonorrhoeae. 

The bacteria can spread through the penis, anus, eyes, urethra, and other parts of the body.  This particular bacteria is known for choosing warm parts of the human body to grow and cause infection, which makes the prostate an ideal location. When the bacteria is transmitted through a man’s penis, it can result in the development of prostate infection. 

Another factor to take into account here is the fact that the presence of chronic prostatitis along with an STI may increase the risk of prostate cancer. 

Should You Avoid Sex? 

In many cases, men can continue to have sex if they have been diagnosed with prostatitis. There are, however, a couple of things that you should keep in mind. 

First of all, sexual activities are not likely to result in prostatitis getting worse. With this in mind, make sure you understand what bacteria could have caused prostatitis. 

If you recently had sex prior to the prostate infection, you need to consider the possibility of a sexually transmitted bacteria. Additionally, take into account the adverse effects you may experience during sex. 

A large number of men find that ejaculation causes them pain while they have prostatitis. When you experience sudden pain when you ejaculate, it may reduce the overall satisfaction you have during sex. 

Safe Sex During A Prostate Infection

If you decide to have sex before the prostate infection has cleared up, you should consider taking some precautionary safety measures. 

Start by getting tested for common bacterial sexually transmitted infections that can result in a prostate infection. Make sure your partner understands the results of these tests before initiating any activity. 

It is also important to wear appropriate protection when having sex. This will help reduce the risk of bacteria spreading – particularly in situations where you have an infection caused by an STI. Condoms are generally considered to be highly effective at reducing these risks. 

You also need to consider your symptoms. If you experience pain during sex, it might be a better idea to stop the activity. Talk to your partner and make sure they understand the condition, as this allows them to be more understanding in such a situation. 


Various bacteria species can cause prostate infection. In some cases, sexually transmitted bacteria can move into the prostate and cause an infection. Most cases of prostatitis, however, are not related to sexually transmitted infections.

It is still important to take this into account and practice safe sex, especially when diagnosed with prostatitis. Ensure you take appropriate actions to avoid worsening the condition and understand the important role that antibiotics play in bacterial prostatitis. 

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  1. Sutcliffe, S., Giovannucci, E., De Marzo, A., Leitzmann, M., Willett, W., & Platz, E. (2006). Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Clinical Prostatitis, and the Risk of Prostate Cancer. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, 15(11), 2160-2166.
  2. Huang WY, Hayes R, Pfeiffer R, et al. Sexually transmissible infections and prostate cancer risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2008.

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