Diet

Enlarged Prostate Diet: What Should I Eat?

The standard American diet is leaving its mark on the nation’s health.

It includes a high amount of animal protein, dairy, processed foods, prepared meals, and sugar, all of which can impact your health.

This is why paying close attention to your diet is essential.

This article will discuss how diet can impact your prostate health and the prostate friendly foods that you should be enjoying as part of a healthy diet plan.

Can diet help with enlarged prostate problems?

In Asia, China and Thailand where few dairy foods are consumed, there is a far lower incidence of both heart disease and cancer.

Studies have shown that overall men in western countries have a six fold increase in prostate cancer incidence compared to countries such as China and Japan.

One theory for this discrepancy in the differences in diet.  

It is worth emphasizing that many oriental countries such as South Korea and Japan are densely populated and have been highly industrialized and urbanized for many years, yet their rates of prostate cancer remain much lower than the West.

The even more massive incidence is seen in the UK at around thirty per 100,000, yet higher incidences occur in the USA, with a figure of around 120 per 100,000.

In addition, there are studies of migrant populations which show quite clear increases in certain diseases like prostate cancer; when ethnic Chinese become American citizens and their children and grandchildren adopt more of the American diet.

Okinawa, Japan, has traditionally had a diet based on lots of vegetables, fermented soy products like miso, fresh fish, herbal tea, as well as health-supporting practices such as Tai Chi, Qi Gong, and walking.

It is, therefore advisable to eat a healthy and balanced diet that includes organic vegetables, which reduce pesticide exposure and offer an increase in vitamin concentration; all benefits for prostate health.

For more information on Prostate Cancer, click here.

What foods are good for an enlarged prostate?

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, polyphenols, vitamins, minerals, and fibers that reduce may help reduce inflammation in BPH and improve urinary symptoms.

Plant foods such as rice bran, wheat germ, peanuts, corn oils, and soybeans contain beta-sitosterol, which may protect prostate health.

One study looked at the link between fruit and vegetable intake and urinary symptoms in elderly Chinese men suffering from urinary symptoms. High intakes of fruits and vegetables (at least 300 grams per day) were associated with improved symptoms.

At least 50 grams of dark and leafy vegetables and 10 grams of tomatoes per day were strongly linked with improved urinary symptoms over four years.

Lycopene is an antioxidant that gives tomatoes its red color. A study published in the journal of nutrition looked at the effects of lycopene extract in men with BPH. Men were given 15 mg of lycopene per day or a placebo for six months.

PSA was significantly reduced in the lycopene group, and prostate volume was unchanged after six months. Prostate volume increased by 24% in the placebo group.

These benefits were exerted from lycopene from whole foods rather than as an extract. It is likely that lycopene from whole foods exerts health benefits than do not occur with an extract.

Omega-3

Increased inflammation is one of the characteristics of BPH. More prostate inflammation is associated with more severe urinary symptoms and greater prostate volume.

One clinical trial found that omega-3 supplementation with drug therapy was more effective at improving urinary symptoms and reducing prostate volume than drug therapy alone.

The participants given omega-3 consumed 900 milligrams per day through fish oil capsules.

Omega-3 fatty acids are known for their strong ability to suppress inflammation. Seafood provides rich sources of omega-3, therefore increasing seafood intake or supplementing with omega-3 may help reduce prostate volume.

Vitamin D

A study in the United States reported vitamin D deficiency in middle-aged men increased the risk of moderate to severe urinary symptoms. Thus vitamin D may play an essential role in preventing BPH.

However, clinical trials have not been conducted to see the effects of vitamin D supplementation on BPH and urinary symptoms in men. A clinical trial in females with urinary symptoms reported positive effects of vitamin D supplementation

The sun is our primary source of vitamin D, and there a very few natural food sources.

However, some natural resources from which you can get vitamin D include egg yolks, fatty fish, and fish-liver oils. Milk, margarine, and some cereals are fortified with vitamin D.

People who live in Northern regions of the United States are at a greater risk of vitamin D deficiency, especially if they spend most of the daylight hours indoors. In such cases, Vitamin D supplementation should be considered to prevent deficiency.

What foods are bad for your prostate?

Animal Fat

As far back as 1997, the American Institute of Cancer Research drew a link between the consumption of industrially produced red meats like beef, lamb, and pork, and an increased chance of the development of prostate cancer

These findings followed up earlier studies in the early 1990s by Harvard University.

Harvard continually tested tens of thousands of subjects over a number of years. Today, current studies show that men who consume large amounts of non-grass fed red meat are 12% more likely to develop prostate cancer than those who consumed moderate servings as part of a controlled diet

According to the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), we get too much protein, about twice what we really need.

Moreover, too much animal protein is harmful. Experts from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) found that a high intake of animal protein was linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.

The study estimated that an additional 35 grams of animal protein per day increases the risk by as much as 32 percent.

Dairy

To maximize milk production, cows are kept permanently pregnant and as a result have 200 times the average level of female hormones in their milk.

Human beings are mammals, and we share the same hormones as cows. Therefore, the effect of these hormones on the human body is not a good one.

As discussed, consuming food with high levels of estrogen can upset your hormonal balance and increase the production of DHT (an active form of testosterone). As a result, this can lead to a number of health issues, including an enlarged prostate.

Studies have also shown that dairy products contain the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), a hormone that promotes the growth of cancer cells.


For more information on how dairy ruins prostate health, click here.


Soy

90 to 95% of U.S.-grown soy is genetically engineered to make soy protein isolate, and so that can withstand high amounts of herbicide.

Soy protein isolate is found in many products such as protein bars, fruit drinks, soups, sauces, cereals, supplements, and meal replacement shakes. This unfermented soy can hide under names such as bouillon, textured protein, and natural flavor.

These worst foods for men are associated with thyroid problems, mental decline, reproductive problems, cancer, and heart disease.

Instead opt for fermented soy products, which are the only soy products with health benefits. Fermented soy products include soy sauce, fermented bean paste, miso, and tempeh.

What is the best thing to drink for your prostate?

When it comes to making dietary changes, it can be easy to concentrate solely on what we eat, yet what we drink can also have a substantial impact on our health.

When it comes to prostate health in particular, there are a number of drinks that can either help or hinder your improvement.

Drink green tea

There seems to be no end of endorsements of green tea as an all-conquering superfood. The prostate is just one area of the body; it has been found to help.

Studies show that green tea can help prevent prostate cancer from forming and may even slow the growth of aggressive prostate cancer.

In an American study published in 2014, a sample of men was given a diet of green and black tea extracts each day for 12 weeks, while others received a placebo.

Taking measurements, the researchers found that those receiving the tea had an improved quality of life in as little as six weeks, as well as improved urine flow and decreased urological inflammation.

Enjoy a morning coffee

There has been some controversy surrounding the benefits of coffee for prostate health, with studies showing conflicting results.

However, a recent study revealed that two compounds found in coffee; kahweol acetate and cafestol, may help to slow the growth of prostate cancer cells.

The results are preliminary, yet findings of several studies, most recently the study published in 2018, indicate that coffee compounds can benefit prostate health and possibly reduce prostate cancer incidence.

However, it is essential to note that for some men experiencing BPH, coffee can irritate, stimulating an already overactive bladder, increasing urinary frequency and urgency.

Limit alcohol consumption

Further research is needed to establish the relationship between alcohol consumption and prostate cancer risk.

However, it is possible that drinking excessively can increase the risk of developing the disease. Alcohol should also be avoided if you have prostatitis, as it can irritate the bladder and worsen symptoms.

Avoid sugary drinks

Sugary drinks can be hard to avoid, and even those branded as ‘health drinks’ can be high in sugar content. However, consuming them can have a detrimental impact on your prostate health.

A 2019 study published by The BMJ reports a possible association between higher consumption of sugary drinks and an increased risk of cancer.

The results show that a 100 mL per day increase in the consumption of sugary beverages was associated with an 18% increased risk of overall cancer and a 22% increased risk of breast cancer.

Ditch cow’s milk

As mentioned above, dairy products, such as cows milk, contain high levels of estrogen.

Increased estrogen production can upset your hormonal balance and increase the production of DHT (an active form of testosterone), contributing to prostate problems.

You opt for dairy alternatives, such as coconut milk, almond milk, and goats milk, which contains more protein and is less likely to be industrially produced.

The ketogenic diet for prostate health

The keto diet is a low carb, high-fat diet, designed to drastically reduce the intake of carbs and replace it with fat.

Such reduction put your body into a state called ketosis, whereby the body burns fat for energy.

The most important thing for reaching ketosis is to avoid eating too many carbs. You will probably need to keep carb intake under 50 grams per day of net carbs, ideally below 20 grams.

You might be thinking, ‘Isn’t fat bad’? For decades the mainstream media have been advertising that fat is bad for our health, resulting in a craze of ‘low fat’ fad diets and products.

However, consuming the right type of fat, will provide energy, satiate the appetite and reduce the need for over-consuming refined carbohydrates.

In addition, the process turns fat into ketones in the liver, which can provide energy for the brain.

As a result, keto diets can significantly reduce blood sugar and insulin levels.

Ketosis is a very good way to lose weight as it induces the metabolism of starvation.

The body stops trying to burn sugars for energy and starts burning fat stores instead. It also affects your nervous system, elevates your mood, and suppresses appetite.

What are the advantages of the Ketogenic Diet?

  • Faster Weight Loss– Low-no carbs means your body is burning fat for fuel.
  • Better Brain Function– the keto diet is high in healthy fats – these are crucial for better cognitive function.
  • Reduced Risk of Metabolic Syndrome– Low-carb diets, particularly the keto diet, highly effective at reducing risk factors of metabolic and heart diseases.
  • Reduced Risk of Diabetes– Studies have shown that you can treat diabetes by adopting the keto diet. It helps normalize blood sugar levels and insulin production.
  • Helps Fight Cancer– Sugar feeds cancer cells, helping them grow and spread faster. The keto diet is a natural cancer treatment as it dramatically cuts down sugar intake.
  • Less Craving for Food– The keto diet switches off ghrelin – the “hunger hormone.” More healthy fats and proteins means feeling more full, having fewer cravings.
  • Better Digestion– Healthy fats, proteins, and veggies help nourish the digestive tract and reduce the potential for disease.

What are the disadvantages of the Ketogenic Diet?

  • One size doesn’t fit all– Each person reacts differently to various diet plans. There is no one-size-fits-all approach.
  • You may experience keto “flu” – This occurs as you transition from burning carbs to burning fats. The severity of the symptoms can vary and include sugar cravings, dizziness, brain fog, nausea, sleep difficulties, irritability, stomach distress, and fatigue.
  • Health concerns– Before going on a keto diet, people should consider his age, level of activity, body weight.
  • Unwanted Side effects – Low-carb diets might increase fatigue and irritability in some people.
  • Muscle loss– A keto diet can also affect your physical performance. When ketosis occurs, it might cause loss of muscle tissue.

What can you eat on a Ketogenic Diet?

Fats will be the majority of your daily calorie intake. This will be a combination of saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats. Good sources of fat are fatty fish, animal fat, avocados, egg yolks, and olive oil.

When it comes to proteins, you should balance it out in your meals with fattier side dishes and sauces. You can have fish, whole eggs, beef, pork, and poultry as protein sources.

Vegetables are an essential part of a healthy keto diet, and the best ones are those high in nutrients and low in carbohydrates.

Anything that resembles spinach or kale will be a good choice. Here is a list of foods to include:

  • Meat: chicken and turkey.
  • Fatty fish: Such as salmon, trout, tuna, and mackerel.
  • Eggs: Look for pastured or omega-3 whole eggs.
  • Nuts and seeds: Almonds, walnuts, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds.
  • Healthy oils: Primarily extra virgin olive oil.
  • Avocados: Whole avocados or freshly made guacamole (not store bought).
  • Low-carb veggies: Most green veggies, tomatoes, onions, peppers, etc.
  • Condiments: You can use salt, pepper, and various healthy herbs and spices.

What foods should I avoid?

Avoid sugar at all costs. It is not wise for you to consume processed drinks like soda, juices, and sports drinks, as well as chocolate and ice cream.

Grains and wheat products also contain lots of carbs, so you should beware of pasta, cereal, cakes, and pastries.

Vegetables like potatoes and yams, because they contain a lot of starch, should be avoided entirely.

Also avoid any large fruits like oranges, bananas, and apples because they’re high in sugar. Here is a list of foods to avoid:

  • Sugary foods: Soda, fruit juices, smoothies, cake, ice cream.
  • Grains or starches: Wheat-based products, rice, pasta, cereal.
  • Fruit: All fruit, except small portions of berries like strawberries.
  • Beans or legumes: Peas, kidney beans, lentils, chickpeas, etc.
  • Root vegetables: Potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, parsnips, etc.
  • Low-fat or diet products: These are highly processed and often high in carbs.
  • Some condiments or sauces: often contain sugar and unhealthy fat.
  • Unhealthy fats: Limit your intake of processed vegetable oils, mayonnaise, etc.
  • Alcohol: Due to their carb content, many alcoholic beverages can throw you out of ketosis.

How Does a Keto Diet Help Prostate Cancer?

Nutritional ketosis involves restricting carbohydrates in order to decrease the availability of glucose in your bloodstream. Restricting carbs also increases the production of ketone bodies from your liver.

Nearly all of your normal cells have the flexibility to readily adapt to using ketone bodies for fuel in lieu of glucose, but cancer cells do not have this metabolic flexibility.

Hence, they effectively starve to death, while all your normal cells operate more efficiently than before.

A traditional ketogenic diet allows you to eat quite a few dairy products. However, dairy can actually be problematic for cancer in particular, even if from raw organic sources.

Lactose is a sugar made from galactose and glucose, and lactose makes up 2% to 8% by weight in dairy milk from cows.

Plus there are a number of other serious problems in milk produced by cows if you are dealing with suspected or diagnosed prostate cancer. You can use small quantities of goat’s milk (which has a very different constitution).

You can eat butter if it is produced from grass-fed cows. And you should ideally restrict yourself to cheese and yogurt that is produced from goats.


For more information on the ketogenic diet, click here.


Is It The Same As The Atkins or Paleo Diet?

Not really. In general, keto diets are diets that result in being in a state of mild ketosis most of the time.

The Atkins diet starts in ketosis and remains in ketosis until you have lost a fair amount of weight.

This is also called the “induction” phase of the diet. After this phase, you then slowly introduce carbs back into your diet and keeping it at low levels. Junk and processed foods are avoided.

The Paleo diet isn’t always a keto diet. It often focuses on whole foods and avoids any cultivated and processed foods.

For example, if you consume only meat and potatoes, then you’re having a Paleo diet. But not necessarily a keto diet. The reason is that the starch from the potatoes keeps you out of ketosis.

The Mediterranean diet for prostate health

The Mediterranean diet incorporates the traditional healthy living habits of people from countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, such as Italy, France, Greece, and Spain.

A large fraction of Mediterranean cuisines are generally based mainly on vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, cereal grains, olive oil, and fish.

It is a diet that has been associated with good health, including a healthier heart. A 2013 study found that people following a Mediterranean diet had a 30% lower risk of heart disease and stroke.

By adopting a more Mediterranean diet, all you need to do is consume;

  • Plenty of starchy foods such as bread and pasta.
  • Large sums of fruit and vegetables.
  • More fish.
  • Less meat.
  • Products made from vegetable and plant oils, such as olive oil.

Many of you are aware that we strongly advocate a ketogenic diet for men with prostate cancer and metabolic disease.

However, we also know that many men struggle with the ketogenic diet or that it is not practical for some.

The Mediterranean or Paleo Diet is the best alternative option for men who cannot maintain the ketogenic diet. Below, I explain everything you need to know about The Mediterranean Diet.

How does a Mediterranean diet help prostate cancer?

Recent studies have found a diet incorporating seeds, nuts, avocado, and an oil-based dressing could decrease the chances of death for men with prostate cancer.

The 2.5 million men living in the US with prostate cancer may have to avoid the smell of those sausages and switch to a Mediterranean diet.

Researchers have found the fat intake of 4,577 men with prostate cancer from 1986 to 2010, who swapped as little as 10 percent of their daily carbohydrates and animal fats, reduced their prostate cancer mortality risk by almost 30% than those who didn’t.


“Consumption of healthy oils and nuts increases plasma antioxidants and reduces insulin and inflammation, which may deter prostate cancer progression.” Lead author Erin L. Richman, ScD, a postdoctoral scholar in the UCSF Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics.

Can a Tablespoon of Oil Really Help Your Prostate Health?

Opting for a tablespoon a day of an oil-based dressing can Mediterranean diet help deter the chances of mortality with prostate cancer.

Research has shown these dressings incorporated with the recommended daily oil intake showing a 13 percent lower risk of death from prostate cancer than individuals that did not change their diets.

The research also found adding one ounce of nuts per day correlated to an 18 percent lower risk of prostate cancer mortality and an 11 percent reduced risk of death.

Although additional research needs to be conducted to validate the findings, Richman has stated,

“Overall, our findings support counseling men with prostate cancer to follow a heart-healthy diet in which carbohydrate calories are replaced with unsaturated oils and nuts to reduce the risk of all-cause mortality.”

Prostate diseases such as BPH and prostatitis are leading health issues for men. Every month, thousands of men are diagnosed with prostate illnesses.

Proper nutrition, along with other lifestyle factors, plays an integral role in decreasing these numbers.

The above examples are only some of the foods that will help you promote and maintain good prostate health. Over time, be sure to add in moderate exercise and activity for a balanced approach.

A properly maintained diet and a healthy lifestyle provide you with a fighting chance at preventing prostate diseases and greatly improving your prostate health. 

Sources

Can You Shrink The Prostate With Diet?
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Can You Lower PSA With Diet?
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Can You Treat Prostatitis With Diet?
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What Is A Good Diet For Men With Prostate Disease?
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  4. Chen L, Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, Duncan C, Sharifi R, Ghosh L, Breemen RV, Ashton D, Bowen PE. Oxidative DNA damage in prostate cancer patients consuming tomato sauce-based entrees as a whole-food intervention. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2001 Dec 19;93(24):1872-9.
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  13. Oberg J, Verelst M, Jorde R, Cashman K, Grimnes G. High dose vitamin D may improve lower urinary tract symptoms in postmenopausal women. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. 2017 Oct 1;173:28-32.
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  15. Beaver LM, Lӧhr CV, Clarke JD, et al. Broccoli Sprouts Delay Prostate Cancer Formation and Decrease Prostate Cancer Severity with a Concurrent Decrease in HDAC3 Protein Expression in Transgenic Adenocarcinoma of the Mouse Prostate (TRAMP) Mice. Curr Dev Nutr. 2017;2(3):nzy002. Published 2017 Dec 26. doi:10.1093/cdn/nzy002
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  19. Liu, X, Allen, J, Arnold, J, Blackman, M. (2004). Lycopene inhibits IGF-I signal transduction and growth in normal prostate epithelial cells by decreasing DHT-modulated IGF-I production in co-cultured reactive stromal cells . Carcinogenesis. 29 (4), p816–823.
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Foods To Avoid For Prostate Health
  1. Harrison S, Lennon R, Holly J, et al. Does milk intake promote prostate cancer initiation or progression via effects on insulin-like growth factors (IGFs)? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer Causes Control. 2017;28(6):497–528. doi:10.1007/s10552-017-0883-1
  2. Joshi AD, Corral R, Catsburg C, Lewinger JP, Koo J, John EM, Ingles S, Stern MC. Red meat and poultry, cooking practices, genetic susceptibility and risk of prostate cancer: results from the California Collaborative Prostate Cancer Study. Carcinogenesis, Jul 20, 2012 [link]
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  4. Sinha, R, Park, Y, Graubard, B, Leitzmann, M, et al. (2009). Meat and Meat-related Compounds and Risk of Prostate Cancer in a Large Prospective Cohort Study in the United States. American Journal of Epidemiology. 170 (9), p1165–1177.
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The Ketogenic Diet
  1. Masko EM, Thomas JA 2nd, Antonelli JA, et al. Low-carbohydrate diets and prostate cancer: how low is “low enough”?. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010;3(9):1124–1131. doi:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-10-007
  2. Gershuni VM, Yan SL, Medici V. (2018). Nutritional Ketosis for Weight Management and Reversal of Metabolic Syndrome.. Current Nutrition Reports. 7 (3), p97-106.
The Mediterranean Diet
  1. Capurso C, Vendemiale G. The Mediterranean Diet Reduces the Risk and Mortality of the Prostate Cancer: A Narrative Review. Front Nutr. 2017;4:38. Published 2017 Aug 24. doi:10.3389/fnut.2017.00038

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