As men age, their production of testosterone (male hormones) naturally diminishes, and their production of estrogen (female hormones) increases.
In fact, in the West, by the age of 55, most men have more estrogen in their bloodstreams then their wives.
The change in the hormonal balance is often noticeable as men start to get middle age spread and lose some of their assertiveness.
Although levels of testosterone naturally decline as men age, certain foods can encourage your body to produce these hormones, ultimately causing damage to your prostate’s health.
The combination of a diet high in animal protein plus little to no exercise contributes to the hormonal imbalance in the ratio of estrogen to testosterone. In the prostate gland, testosterone is converted to another hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
In turn, this imbalance causes the body to increase its production of DHT (Di-hydro testosterone), which promotes prostate inflammation and stimulates insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), a hormone that can promote abnormal cell growth and cancer.
DHT is the active form of testosterone circulating in the bloodstream. Mainstream media wrongly believes the cause of prostate cancer is testosterone.
The standard American diet includes a high amount of animal protein, dairy, processed foods, prepared meals, and sugar, all of which can impact your health. This is why paying close attention to your diet is essential.
A diet-controlled study examined the effects of a high fiber diet on prostate growth. The diet contained mainly whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
Animal protein was restricted 3.5 oz three times per week, mainly from fish or fowl.
The subjects also carried out physical activity every day. Just two weeks of diet and exercise reduced the growth of prostate epithelial cells by 13%.
In Asia, China and Thailand where few dairy foods are consumed, there is a far lower incidence of both heart disease and cancer.
Studies have shown that overall men in western countries have a six fold increase in prostate cancer incidence compared to countries such as China and Japan. One theory for this discrepancy in the differences in diet.
It is worth emphasizing that many oriental countries such as South Korea and Japan are densely populated and have been highly industrialized and urbanized for many years, yet their rates of prostate cancer remain much lower than the West.
The even more massive incidence is seen in the UK at around thirty per 100,000, yet higher incidences occur in the USA, with a figure of around 120 per 100,000.
In addition, there are studies of migrant populations which show quite clear increases in certain diseases like prostate cancer; when ethnic Chinese become American citizens and their children and grandchildren adopt more of the American diet.
The late Dr. Weston A. Price illustrated the powerful and protective effect that traditional diets had on our health over 75 years ago in his groundbreaking book Nutrition and Physical Degeneration, published in 1939!
While the particular diets of all of these regions do differ, they do all share common threads and scientifically, these attributes support why such regions seem to fare considerably better than average when it comes to prostate health and overall life expectancy.
Okinawa, Japan, has traditionally had a diet based on lots of vegetables, fermented soy products like miso, fresh fish, herbal tea, as well as health-supporting practices such as Tai Chi, Qi Gong, and walking.
It is, therefore advisable to eat a healthy and balanced diet that includes organic vegetables, which reduce pesticide exposure and offer an increase in vitamin concentration; all benefits for prostate health.
Can you lower PSA with diet?
During a prostate checkup, blood tests are taken to screen for PSA levels.
While it is normal to have a small amount in the bloodstream, a large or increased amount can indicate a variety of problems, such as prostatitis, BPH, urinary infection, and prostate cancer.
An elevated PSA count does not always indicate the presence of cancer. However, it is often the first thought that men have. If there is something generally wrong with the prostate, a PSA score will reveal the problem.
No man wants to hear they have a high PSA score, but It is important to remember that a high PSA score is the result of a problem, not the cause of one.
There are many ways to reduce your PSA count and prevent the risk of developing further prostate health issues, one way being through diet.
A study by British researchers, published in the Journal of Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases reviewed the effects of polyphenol-rich foods on PSA.
In total, 199 men, average age 74 years, with localised prostate cancer, 60% managed with primary active surveillance (AS) or 40% with watchful waiting (WW) following previous interventions, were randomised (2:1) to receive an oral capsule containing a blend of pomegranate, green tea, broccoli and turmeric, or an identical placebo for 6 months.
After six months, the researchers found that PSA levels were 63% lower among those taking capsules containing the essence of pomegranate, turmeric, green tea, and broccoli compared to those in the placebo group.
Recent research has also indicated that whole grain rye could lower PSA levels in men with prostate cancer.
A human clinical study, published in the Journal of Nutrition, found that whole grain rye bread reduced PSA by 14% in men with prostate cancer after 6 weeks .
Whole grain is a rich source of important nutrients, including B vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, phenolic acids, and phytoestrogens. Intake has been consistently associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.
Can you treat Prostatitis with diet?
Several factors can trigger prostatitis symptoms or worsen them, leaving many men with little control over their disease. Among the lifestyle factors that might influence the course of prostatitis, diet has generated considerable interest among both doctors and patients.
An analysis was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of dietary changes for the treatment of prostatitis in men and urethral syndrome in women. 2,385 patients 1,710 men and 675 women with symptoms of prostatitis and the urethral syndrome were followed.
All patients were treated with a strict diet, eliminating caffeine, alcohol, and all hot and spicy food for 12 weeks.
The results showed an 87% success in men and an 89% success rate in women. During the study, none of the patients received antibiotics or were treated with medications such as alpha blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, or phenazopyridine.
The study also found that water, herbal teas, psyllium fiber, and certain stool softeners seemed to alleviate symptoms the most.
Experts generally recommend drinking plenty of fluids and eating high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, to avoid constipation, which can be painful if you are experiencing an inflamed prostate.
What Is A Good Diet For Men With Prostate Disease?
Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, polyphenols, vitamins, minerals, and fibers that reduce may help reduce inflammation in BPH and improve urinary symptoms.
Plant foods such as rice bran, wheat germ, peanuts, corn oils, and soybeans contain beta-sitosterol, which may protect prostate health.
One study looked at the link between fruit and vegetable intake and urinary symptoms in elderly Chinese men suffering from urinary symptoms. High intakes of fruits and vegetables (at least 300 grams per day) were associated with improved symptoms.
At least 50 grams of dark and leafy vegetables and 10 grams of tomatoes per day were strongly linked with improved urinary symptoms over four years.
Lycopene is an antioxidant that gives tomatoes its red color. A study published in the journal of nutrition looked at the effects of lycopene extract in men with BPH. Men were given 15 mg of lycopene per day or a placebo for six months.
PSA was significantly reduced in the lycopene group, and prostate volume was unchanged after six months. Prostate volume increased by 24% in the placebo group.
These benefits were exerted from lycopene from whole foods rather than as an extract. It is likely that lycopene from whole foods exerts health benefits than do not occur with an extract.
Increased inflammation is one of the characteristics of BPH. More prostate inflammation is associated with more severe urinary symptoms and greater prostate volume.
One clinical trial found that omega-3 supplementation with drug therapy was more effective at improving urinary symptoms and reducing prostate volume than drug therapy alone. The participants given omega-3 consumed 900 milligrams per day through fish oil capsules.
Omega-3 fatty acids are known for their strong ability to suppress inflammation. Seafood provides rich sources of omega-3, therefore increasing seafood intake or supplementing with omega-3 may help reduce prostate volume.
A study in the United States reported vitamin D deficiency in middle-aged men increased the risk of moderate to severe urinary symptoms. Thus vitamin D may play an essential role in preventing BPH.
However, clinical trials have not been conducted to see the effects of vitamin D supplementation on BPH and urinary symptoms in men. A clinical trial in females with urinary symptoms reported positive effects of vitamin D supplementation
The sun is our primary source of vitamin D, and there a very few natural food sources. However, some natural resources from which you can get vitamin D include egg yolks, fatty fish, and fish-liver oils. Milk, margarine, and some cereals are fortified with vitamin D.
People who live in Northern regions of the United States are at a greater risk of vitamin D deficiency, especially if they spend most of the daylight hours indoors. In such cases, Vitamin D supplementation should be considered to prevent deficiency.
There seems to be no end of endorsements of green tea as an all-conquering superfood. The prostate is just one area of the body; it has been found to help.
In an American study published in 2014, a sample of men was given a diet of green and black tea extracts each day for 12 weeks, while others received a placebo.
Taking measurements, the researchers found that those receiving the tea had an improved quality of life in as little as six weeks, as well as improved urine flow and decreased urological inflammation.
Foods to avoid for prostate health
As far back as 1997, the American Institute of Cancer Research drew a link between the consumption of industrially produced red meats like beef, lamb, and pork, and an increased chance of the development of prostate cancer
These findings followed up earlier studies in the early 1990s by Harvard University.
Harvard continually tested tens of thousands of subjects over a number of years. Today, current studies show that men who consume large amounts of non-grass fed red meat are 12% more likely to develop prostate cancer than those who consumed moderate servings as part of a controlled diet
According to the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), we get too much protein, about twice what we really need.
Moreover, too much animal protein is harmful. Experts from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) found that a high intake of animal protein was linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.
The study estimated that an additional 35 grams of animal protein per day increases the risk by as much as 32 percent.
To maximize milk production, cows are kept permanently pregnant and as a result have 200 times the average level of female hormones in their milk.
Human beings are mammals, and we share the same hormones as cows. Therefore, the effect of these hormones on the human body is not a good one.
As discussed, consuming food with high levels of estrogen can upset your hormonal balance and increase the production of DHT (an active form of testosterone). As a result, this can lead to a number of health issues, including an enlarged prostate.
Studies have also shown that dairy products contain the insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), a hormone that promotes the growth of cancer cells.
90 to 95% of U.S.-grown soy is genetically engineered to make soy protein isolate, and so that can withstand high amounts of herbicide.
Soy protein isolate is found in many products such as protein bars, fruit drinks, soups, sauces, cereals, supplements, and meal replacement shakes. This unfermented soy can hide under names such as bouillon, textured protein, and natural flavor.
These worst foods for men are associated with thyroid problems, mental decline, reproductive problems, cancer, and heart disease.
Instead opt for fermented soy products, which are the only soy products with health benefits. Fermented soy products include soy sauce, fermented bean paste, miso, and tempeh.
The Ketogenic Diet
What is the Ketogenic Diet?
The keto diet is a low carb, high-fat diet, designed to drastically reduce the intake of carbs and replace it with fat. Such reduction put your body into a state called ketosis, whereby the body burns fat for energy.
The most important thing for reaching ketosis is to avoid eating too many carbs. You will probably need to keep carb intake under 50 grams per day of net carbs, ideally below 20 grams.
You might be thinking, ‘Isn’t fat bad’? For decades the mainstream media have been advertising that fat is bad for our health, resulting in a craze of ‘low fat’ fad diets and products.
However, consuming the right type of fat, will provide energy, satiate the appetite and reduce the need for over-consuming refined carbohydrates.
In addition, the process turns fat into ketones in the liver, which can provide energy for the brain. As a result, keto diets can significantly reduce blood sugar and insulin levels.
Ketosis is a very good way to lose weight as it induces the metabolism of starvation. The body stops trying to burn sugars for energy and starts burning fat stores instead. It also affects your nervous system, elevates your mood, and suppresses appetite.
What are the advantages of the Ketogenic Diet?
- Faster Weight Loss– Low-no carbs means your body is burning fat for fuel.
- Better Brain Function– the keto diet is high in healthy fats – these are crucial for better cognitive function.
- Reduced Risk of Metabolic Syndrome– Low-carb diets, particularly the keto diet, highly effective at reducing risk factors of metabolic and heart diseases.
- Reduced Risk of Diabetes– Studies have shown that you can treat diabetes by adopting the keto diet. It helps normalize blood sugar levels and insulin production.
- Helps Fight Cancer– Sugar feeds cancer cells, helping them grow and spread faster. The keto diet is a natural cancer treatment as it dramatically cuts down sugar intake.
- Less Craving for Food– The keto diet switches off ghrelin – the “hunger hormone.” More healthy fats and proteins means feeling more full, having fewer cravings.
- Better Digestion– Healthy fats, proteins, and veggies help nourish the digestive tract and reduce the potential for disease.
What are the disadvantages of the Ketogenic Diet?
- One size doesn’t fit all– Each person reacts differently to various diet plans. There is no one-size-fits-all approach.
- You may experience keto “flu” – This occurs as you transition from burning carbs to burning fats. The severity of the symptoms can vary and include sugar cravings, dizziness, brain fog, nausea, sleep difficulties, irritability, stomach distress, and fatigue.
- Health concerns– Before going on a keto diet, people should consider his age, level of activity, body weight.
- Unwanted Side effects – Low-carb diets might increase fatigue and irritability in some people.
- Muscle loss– A keto diet can also affect your physical performance. When ketosis occurs, it might cause loss of muscle tissue.
What can you eat on a Ketogenic Diet?
Fats will be the majority of your daily calorie intake. This will be a combination of saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, and trans fats. Good sources of fat are fatty fish, animal fat, avocados, egg yolks, and olive oil.
When it comes to proteins, you should balance it out in your meals with fattier side dishes and sauces. You can have fish, whole eggs, beef, pork, and poultry as protein sources.
Vegetables are an essential part of a healthy keto diet, and the best ones are those high in nutrients and low in carbohydrates.
Anything that resembles spinach or kale will be a good choice. Here is a list of foods to include:
- Meat: chicken and turkey.
- Fatty fish: Such as salmon, trout, tuna, and mackerel.
- Eggs: Look for pastured or omega-3 whole eggs.
- Nuts and seeds: Almonds, walnuts, flax seeds, pumpkin seeds, chia seeds.
- Healthy oils: Primarily extra virgin olive oil.
- Avocados: Whole avocados or freshly made guacamole (not store bought).
- Low-carb veggies: Most green veggies, tomatoes, onions, peppers, etc.
- Condiments: You can use salt, pepper, and various healthy herbs and spices.
What foods should I avoid?
Avoid sugar at all costs. It is not wise for you to consume processed drinks like soda, juices, and sports drinks, as well as chocolate and ice cream.
Grains and wheat products also contain lots of carbs, so you should beware of pasta, cereal, cakes, and pastries.
Vegetables like potatoes and yams, because they contain a lot of starch, should be avoided entirely. Also avoid any large fruits like oranges, bananas, and apples because they’re high in sugar. Here is a list of foods to avoid:
- Sugary foods: Soda, fruit juices, smoothies, cake, ice cream.
- Grains or starches: Wheat-based products, rice, pasta, cereal.
- Fruit: All fruit, except small portions of berries like strawberries.
- Beans or legumes: Peas, kidney beans, lentils, chickpeas, etc.
- Root vegetables: Potatoes, sweet potatoes, carrots, parsnips, etc.
- Low-fat or diet products: These are highly processed and often high in carbs.
- Some condiments or sauces: often contain sugar and unhealthy fat.
- Unhealthy fats: Limit your intake of processed vegetable oils, mayonnaise, etc.
- Alcohol: Due to their carb content, many alcoholic beverages can throw you out of ketosis.
How Does a Keto Diet Help Prostate Cancer?
Nutritional ketosis involves restricting carbohydrates in order to decrease the availability of glucose in your bloodstream. Restricting carbs also increases the production of ketone bodies from your liver.
Nearly all of your normal cells have the flexibility to readily adapt to using ketone bodies for fuel in lieu of glucose, but cancer cells do not have this metabolic flexibility.
Hence, they effectively starve to death, while all your normal cells operate more efficiently than before.
A traditional ketogenic diet allows you to eat quite a few dairy products. However, dairy can actually be problematic for cancer in particular, even if from raw organic sources.
Lactose is a sugar made from galactose and glucose, and lactose makes up 2% to 8% by weight in dairy milk from cows.
Plus there are a number of other serious problems in milk produced by cows if you are dealing with suspected or diagnosed prostate cancer. You can use small quantities of goat’s milk (which has a very different constitution).
You can eat butter if it is produced from grass-fed cows. And you should ideally restrict yourself to cheese and yogurt that is produced from goats.
Carbs Create Cancer-Thriving Conditions
Cancer cells need glucose to thrive. Since carbohydrates turn into glucose in your body, then lowering the glucose level in your blood through carb and protein restriction starves the cancer cells to death.
But if you do have or suspect you have cancer, you need to do more than this in order to gain all the benefits of ketosis.
Carbohydrate restriction will reduce glucose and insulin spikes. But it will not have a major impact on baseline levels of blood glucose unless you also restrict your calorie and protein intake.
So if cancer prevention or treatment is what you are concerned with: Carb restriction must be combined with calorie restriction and moderate protein restriction in order to effectively “starve” cancer cells of their preferred fuel (glucose and glutamine).
Your body has the flexibility to burn two types of fuel: fat and carbs.
Probably about 99 percent of Americans are adapted to burning carbs as their primary fuel. When your body is adapted to burning carbs, you will get hunger pangs about every two to three hours.
These hunger pangs vanish once you become fat adapted, however. Then you can go all day and not be hungry, because you have far more fat in your body to burn than glucose.
Is It The Same As The Atkins or Paleo Diet?
Not really. In general, keto diets are diets that result in being in a state of mild ketosis most of the time.
The Atkins diet starts in ketosis and remains in ketosis until you have lost a fair amount of weight. This is also called the “induction” phase of the diet. After this phase, you then slowly introduce carbs back into your diet and keeping it at low levels. Junk and processed foods are avoided.
The Paleo diet isn’t always a keto diet. It often focuses on whole foods and avoids any cultivated and processed foods. For example, if you consume only meat and potatoes, then you’re having a Paleo diet. But not necessarily a keto diet. The reason is that the starch from the potatoes keeps you out of ketosis.
The Mediterranean Diet
What is The Mediterranean Diet?
The Mediterranean diet incorporates the traditional healthy living habits of people from countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, such as Italy, France, Greece, and Spain.
A large fraction of Mediterranean cuisines are generally based mainly on vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, cereal grains, olive oil, and fish.
It is a diet that has been associated with good health, including a healthier heart. A 2013 study found that people following a Mediterranean diet had a 30% lower risk of heart disease and stroke.
By adopting a more Mediterranean diet, all you need to do is consume;
- Plenty of starchy foods such as bread and pasta.
- Large sums of fruit and vegetables.
- More fish.
- Less meat.
- Products made from vegetable and plant oils, such as olive oil.
Many of you are aware that I strongly advocate a ketogenic diet for men with prostate cancer and metabolic disease. However, I also know that many men struggle with the ketogenic diet or that it is not practical for some. The Mediterranean or Paleo Diet is the best alternative option for men who cannot maintain the ketogenic diet. Below, I explain everything you need to know about The Mediterranean Diet.
How does a Mediterranean diet help prostate cancer?
Recent studies have found a diet incorporating seeds, nuts, avocado, and an oil-based dressing could decrease the chances of death for men with prostate cancer.
The 2.5 million men living in the US with prostate cancer may have to avoid the smell of those sausages and switch to a Mediterranean diet.
Researchers have found the fat intake of 4,577 men with prostate cancer from 1986 to 2010, who swapped as little as 10 percent of their daily carbohydrates and animal fats, reduced their prostate cancer mortality risk by almost 30% than those who didn’t.
“Consumption of healthy oils and nuts increases plasma antioxidants and reduces insulin and inflammation, which may deter prostate cancer progression.” Lead author Erin L. Richman, ScD, a postdoctoral scholar in the UCSF Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics.
Can a Tablespoon of Oil Really Help Your Prostate Health?
Opting for a tablespoon a day of an oil-based dressing can Mediterranean diet help deter the chances of mortality with prostate cancer.
Research has shown these dressings incorporated with the recommended daily oil intake showing a 13 percent lower risk of death from prostate cancer than individuals that did not change their diets.
The research also found adding one ounce of nuts per day correlated to an 18 percent lower risk of prostate cancer mortality and an 11 percent reduced risk of death.
Although additional research needs to be conducted to validate the findings, Richman has stated,
“Overall, our findings support counseling men with prostate cancer to follow a heart-healthy diet in which carbohydrate calories are replaced with unsaturated oils and nuts to reduce the risk of all-cause mortality.”
Prostate diseases such as BPH and prostatitis are leading health issues for men. Every month, thousands of men are diagnosed with prostate illnesses.
Proper nutrition, along with other lifestyle factors, plays an integral role in decreasing these numbers.
The above examples are only some of the foods that will help you promote and maintain good prostate health. Over time, be sure to add in moderate exercise and activity for a balanced approach.
A properly maintained diet and a healthy lifestyle provide you with a fighting chance at preventing prostate diseases and greatly improving your prostate health.